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The Friesian Horse Breed: Black Beauties of the Horse World

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The Friesian horse breed, originally from the Netherlands, is renowned worldwide for its black coat, powerful build, and flowing mane. Possessing an elegant carriage and exceptional agility, they are a captivating sight – embodying a mix of strength, beauty, and grace.

Despite their stunning appearance, it’s their remarkable temperament that often leaves the deepest impression. They are known for their gentle nature, intelligence, and willingness to please, which makes them highly sought-after, not only as show horses but as affectionate companions.

In this blog post, we will explore the unique facts and features of the Friesian horse breed, delving into their rich history, distinctive color genetics, and celebrated temperament. Whether you’re a horse enthusiast, an aspiring owner, or just interested in learning more about this remarkable breed, this comprehensive guide is crafted with you in mind.

Origins of the Friesian Horse Breed

The origins of the Friesian horse breed can be traced back to the enchanting landscapes of the Netherlands. Dating back centuries, these exquisite horses have a rich and fascinating history. They have been an integral part of Dutch culture, playing significant roles in agriculture, transportation, and even military endeavors.

The fertile region of Friesland, nestled in the northern part of the Netherlands, served as the birthplace of these remarkable horses. The harsh conditions and demanding terrain shaped the breed, instilling them with the resilience and strength they are known for today. Over time, Friesian horses gained admiration for their exceptional capabilities, becoming renowned not only within the country but also catching the attention of horse enthusiasts worldwide.

Picture of a great example of the Friesian horse breed.

Development and Evolution of the Breed

Throughout the ages, the Friesian horse breed underwent a remarkable journey of development and evolution. These horses were selectively bred to possess the desired traits that make them stand out. They were bred for their striking appearance, elegant movement, and gentle temperament.

The breed’s evolution was significantly influenced by the historical context. Friesian horses were bred to meet the needs of the time, whether it was for farm work, pulling carriages, or serving in battles. Selective breeding programs focused on enhancing specific characteristics, resulting in the breed we know today.

With each passing generation, Friesian horses underwent careful selection, with breeders striving to preserve the breed’s distinctive qualities. Modern breeding practices continue to maintain the breed’s integrity, ensuring that these magnificent horses carry forward their rich heritage and captivating allure.

Physical Characteristics of the Friesian Horse

Friesian horses exhibit a distinctive size and build. They are large with a thick muscular bodies, the average Friesian horse stands at 15.3 hands, but it is not uncommon to see a Friesian 17 hands tall. Friesians have a robust and muscular build characterized by a well-rounded body and a powerful, arched neck. Their strong legs and sturdy hooves contribute to their overall strength and agility.

The shoulders of a Friesian are also well-muscled and compact. The horse has short, strong legs compared to the rest of the body. Currently, there are two body types of Friesians, the baroque type and the sport type.

The Friesian horse’s coat, mane, and tail are striking features that captivate onlookers. They have a lustrous and predominantly black coat, known for its sleek and shiny appearance. The hair is dense and fine, creating a smooth texture.

One of the most recognizable traits of the Friesian horse is its luxurious, abundant mane and tail. The mane is long and flowing, often reaching or surpassing the horse’s shoulder. The tail is similarly impressive, cascading down in thick, flowing locks. These voluminous manes and tails enhance the breed’s majestic presence and add to their overall allure.

The Friesian horse breed is primarily known for its striking black coat color. This solid black coloration is the breed’s most prevalent and desired coat variation. Friesians are often referred to as “the black pearls of the equine world” due to their captivating and elegant appearance.

While black is the most common color, it’s important to note that Friesians can occasionally exhibit a chestnut coat color. However, these instances are relatively rare within the breed and are not as commonly seen as the traditional black coat.

The breed’s distinctive black color, along with their abundant manes and tails, contribute to the Friesian horse’s unmistakable presence and set them apart as a visually stunning and iconic equine breed.

friesian horse type edited

Temperament and Behavior of the Friesian Horse

Friesian horses are renowned for their gentle and willing nature, which contributes to their overall appeal. They often display a calm and friendly disposition, making them well-suited for various equestrian pursuits and companionship. Friesians are known for their intelligence, which further enhances their trainability and ability to form strong bonds with their handlers.

Trainability and Performance in Various Equestrian Disciplines

The Friesian breed’s cooperative nature and eagerness to please make them highly trainable horses. They have a natural aptitude for dressage, excelling in the precision and elegance required in this discipline. Friesians showcase fluid movements and an excellent collection, making them captivating to watch in the dressage arena.

While dressage is their forte, Friesians can also excel in other equestrian disciplines. They demonstrate versatility in driving competitions, where their strength and graceful movement shine. Additionally, Friesians can be trained for pleasure riding, trail riding, and even some jumping activities.

Here’s a YouTube video showing Friesian Horses.

Compatibility with Riders of Different Experience Levels

Friesian horses are suitable for riders of varying experience levels. Their gentle temperament and cooperative nature make them well-suited for beginners who are learning to ride. Friesians are typically patient, forgiving, and reliable mounts, allowing novice riders to feel safe and confident.

At the same time, Friesians also cater to more advanced riders. Their responsiveness to aids and willingness to perform make them an excellent choice for experienced equestrians seeking to pursue higher levels of training and competition.

Whether you are a beginner rider embarking on your equestrian journey or an experienced rider looking for a versatile and capable partner, the Friesian horse’s temperament and adaptability make them an appealing choice for a wide range of riders.

Picture of two Friesian horses in a paddock.

Care and Maintenance for the Friesian Horse

Proper nutrition is crucial for maintaining the health and well-being of Friesian horses. They generally thrive on a balanced diet that includes high-quality forage, such as grass or hay. Friesians may also benefit from supplemental feedings, such as fortified concentrates or grains, to meet their specific nutritional requirements.

Monitoring their weight and body condition is important, ensuring they receive appropriate portions to maintain a healthy weight. Regular access to fresh water is essential, as dehydration can lead to various health issues.

Exercise Requirements

Like all equines, Friesian horses require regular exercise to stay fit and mentally stimulated. Providing ample turnout time in a spacious, safe pasture allows them to engage in natural movement and graze. Regular exercise through riding, driving, or other activities helps maintain their physical condition and supports overall well-being.

Exercise should be tailored to the individual horse’s fitness level and abilities. Gradual conditioning programs and a variety of activities can help prevent boredom and maintain their enthusiasm for work.

Common Health Concerns and Prevention

While Friesian horses are generally hardy and healthy, they can be prone to certain health concerns. One notable issue is the breed’s higher susceptibility to specific genetic disorders, such as hydrocephalus and dwarfism. Regular veterinary check-ups and genetic testing can help identify potential issues and allow for appropriate management and prevention.

Other common health concerns in Friesians include obesity, metabolic conditions like equine metabolic syndrome, and hoof-related problems like laminitis. A balanced diet, regular exercise, and proper hoof care are essential in minimizing these risks. Their preventive healthcare program should include routine vaccinations, deworming, and dental care.

By providing a well-balanced diet, regular exercise, and proactive healthcare, Friesian horse owners can help ensure their equine companions’ overall health and longevity. Regular communication with a veterinarian is key to developing an individualized care plan based on the specific needs of each horse.

Daily grooming for Friesians includes:

Wash Feathers: Wash the feathers with an anti-bacterial shampoo, towel dry, and blow dry. Using this combination to dry the feathers ensures no moisture is left on the skin. Moisture leads to skin irritations. Keeping skin sores from cropping up in this area is work.

Pastern dermatitis is a common condition in horse breeds with feathers. It’s a skin irritation of the lower legs; under the dense hair, sometimes the disease will reach up to the knee. 

If left untreated, pastern dermatitis can lead to swelling of the entire leg, oozing scabs, and open sores. The best way to prevent the condition is through the use of proper grooming methods. Click here to check prices the prices of anti-bacterial shampoos on Amazon. 

Coat care: Sunlight will bleach out the shine in a jet-black coat. Avoid turning your horse out during times with bright sunlight. A proper, highly nutritious diet promotes a healthy, shiny coat.

Use the right color-enhancing shampoo when you wash your horse. Shapley’s Hi Shine Shampoo, 1-Quart. Friesians have dry skin, and a product like Medi-Care Med Shampoo W/Tea Tree & Lemon Grass may help the skin condition.

Brush out the tail and mane: Brush the mane and tail daily using a detangler such as Premium Showsheen with a wide-tooth comb. Start combing at the bottom and work up; you are trying to avoid pulling out any hair. One solution for horses with really long manes is to French braid them.

Housing: Friesians are best kept in cold weather climates. They don’t tolerate heat well. Friesians are prone to suffer from anhydrosis, a lack of sweating. In hot environments, this can cause serious problems.

During warm months, these horses should be monitored for anhydrosis. Some treatment options have shown positive results, such as reduced concentrate feeding and vitamin E injections, along with fluid and electrolyte injections.

However, most horses that suffer anhidrosis improve when they are moved to a cooler climate with lower humidity or housed in air-conditioned barns. Overall, Friesians are high-maintenance horses.

friesian horse,

10 Facts About the Friesian Horse Breed

Friesian horses are undeniably striking, but several intriguing facts set this breed apart from others. Let’s delve into some of these unique characteristics:

1. Not all Friesians have black coats.

While the majority of Friesian horses have stunning black coats, it’s interesting to note that a small percentage may possess a rare chestnut coat or bay coloring, adding a touch of variety to the breed.

The only white marking allowed on a Friesian is a small star on the forehead for purebred registration. Today, the chestnut and bay coloring is not acceptable for registration in some Friesian horse associations. The American Friesian Association still allows registration of chestnut Friesians.

2. Genetic disorders

Friesians have a higher rate of genetic disorders than most horse breeds. The high instances of genetic disease are likely caused by years of inbreeding. Here is a list of the most common diseases associated with the Friesian breed.

  • Dwarfism: Friesians with dwarfism have normal-sized heads and long bodies, full chests, with extremely short limbs.
  • Hydrocephalus: This is a term used to describe the build-up of spinal fluid inside the brain: The fluid increases and creates pressure in the skull, leading to numerous adverse conditions.
  • Aortic rupture-This is a bursting of the largest artery in the body of the horse.
  • Megaesophagus: Condition of the throat that can cause the horse to choke. The megaesophagus is the enlargement of the throat and makes it hard to swallow and get food into the horse’s stomach.
  • Equine polysaccharide storage myopathy: This is a disorder that exhibits signs similar to colic in extreme cases. It is a lack of glycogen in the muscles. It can be successfully treated with diet on occasion.
  • Digestive system disorders: Friesians are more prone to suffer colic and other gastrointestinal disorders than other breeds.
  • Hypersensitivity to insect bites: Friesians can have an extreme reaction to insect bites such as mosquitoes and horseflies. The hypersensitivity is intense, leading to hair loss and skin damage of the mane, tail, head, and stomach. In some horses, the skin damage is severe enough to render the horse unusable for prolonged periods.
  • Pastern dermatopathy: Friesians are prone to skin disease in the pastern area, especially the area of the feathers.

3. Historical arrival in America

In the early 17th century, the Dutch came to America and settled in the area now known as New York. During the period of Dutch occupation, it was named New Amsterdam, and Friesian horses were imported from the Netherlands.

These Friesians are believed to be the ancestors of the American Morgan horse breed. The Friesian influence in the Morgan pedigree has not been proven, but the breeds’ conformation, gait, and general disposition are strikingly similar.

4. Criteria for Friesian Stallions

Soon after birth, Friesians are graded, then they are graded again at 2.5 and three years old. After their foal inspection, they will be classified and entered into a foal book. Foals can earn a grade of 1st,2nd, 3rd, or no premie.

When a Friesian returns for its second inspection, they are judged on the quality of conformation, movement, type, and sports success if they are in competition. Friesian horses are divided into the quality of breed groupings called predicates. Predicates are based not only on his quality but also on the quality of his offspring.

Friesian Predicates:

Crown/Kroon Predicate

To qualify for the crown predicate, the horse must be three years old and have tested out at 77 points at an IBOP or ABFP event. They are also examined at a walk and trot and must average 7 points. The minimum height is 15.2 hands.

Ster Predicate

The horse must be a minimum height of 15.1 hands and be examined at walk and trot while being led by the hand. Studs are examined at 2.5 years old, and mares and geldings are eligible at three years old.

Sport Predicate

Horses must meet the predicate for dressage, obtaining five scores of 60% or higher at the 3rd level or above.  Horses in driving must earn 10 points from at least three different FEI Test #9. 

Model Predicate

This classification is reserved for the highest quality Friesian mares. The mares must have produced offspring and be a minimum of 7 years old. They will be judged on sports aptitude and breed conformation characteristics. Few mares are awarded this high status.

Preferent for Stallions

To be awarded preferent stallion status, the quality of the stud’s offspring will be judged and tested for breeding-goal attributes. Stallions that have produced superior offspring are awarded preferent status.

friesian horse,

5. Speed and jumping abilities

While Friesians possess exceptional strength and grace, they are not typically known for their top speed. Additionally, while they may not be renowned as jumpers, Friesians can still excel in other equestrian disciplines, such as dressage and driving, thanks to their natural elegance and willingness to perform.

Friesians are mid-sized warm-blood horses. They are thick-boned and robust horses. They have been used as war horses, riding horses, and trotters to pull carriages. But they aren’t used for racing or jumping.

6. Friesians are a Warmblood Horse.

Warmblood horses are a classification of horses. The warmbloods are a mixture of cold-blood and hot-blood genes in their pedigree. They originated in Europe and are mid-sized horses.

Friesian falls into the warmblood category due to its characteristics and use in sport horse disciplines. The original Friesian was bred with the Spanish Andalusian breed, which included Arabian genes. The Arabian is considered a hot-blooded horse.

Warmbloods are commonly calmer than hot-bloods but aren’t as listful as cold-bloods. Warmbloods are the in-between horses in size and temperament. They have become popular breeds in many equine sports.

7. Price tag.

Owning a Friesian horse can be a significant investment. Due to their unique qualities and high demand, Friesians tend to be relatively expensive to buy. Considering the financial commitment involved in acquiring and caring for one of these majestic equines is crucial.

On average, you can expect to spend about $30,000.00 to purchase a Friesian horse. The price of a Friesian depends on the age and the amount of training. Horses ready for competition may cost much more. You can check this website for a list of current Friesians that are offered for sale.

8. Friesian Horses were sought after battle steeds

Friesian horse’s strength, agility, and noble presence made them valuable assets on the battlefield. Friesians were used by knights and warriors due to their ability to carry a rider in armor and withstand the demands of combat. Their powerful build and courageous nature made them well-suited for the challenges of war, and they were highly prized for their contributions in battle.

The Friesian breed made its way across Europe and became a favorite mount of armored knights. The knights wore heavy armor and required a steed with strength and endurance to carry them to battle. The Friesian was made to order.

And they provided the added benefit of being an impressive-looking mount. During the 16th and 17th centuries, as demand decreased for heavy warhorses, the Friesians were bred to lighter horses, such as the Spanish horse breed, Andalusian.

Although this cross produced a lighter battle horse, it still retained much of the characteristics of the Friesian, such as the black coat, prominent gait, thick mane, and tail. From the Andalusian, the Friesian became lighter and adapted other characteristics.

These traits include the high knee action, small head, and craning neck, which is also indicative of an Arabian horse. Arabian blood is in the pedigree of the Andalusian breed. Over the last two centuries, the bloodline of the Friesian has been kept pure.

A Keuring determines

A Friesian Keuring is a judge of the Friesian breed. The actual word “keuring” means inspection in the Dutch language. These judges are exclusively Dutch and determine which Friesians qualify for entry into the only certified pure-bred database for Friesians in the world. The database is called the Royal Friesian Studbook or KFPS.

Below is an informative YouTube video that discusses the characteristics of Friesian horses.


Friesian horses are excellent equine companions; they are athletic, smart, and willing. However, they do have issues you need to consider before buying one. Their genetic predispositions for medical disorders are a big problem, plus understanding their grooming needs is essential.


What are Friesians used for?

Friesian horses are used in various equine activities, including dressage, trail riding, and pulling carriages. If you’re interested in learning more about how Friesian horses are used, you may find this article interesting: What Are Friesian Horses Used For? 5 Uses That May Surprise!

How long do Friesian horses live?

Pureblooded Friesian horses typically live only 16 years. Most other horse breeds’ lifespan is between 25 to 30 years old. You can find out why they have short lifespans here: The Friesian Horse Breed: Lifespan and Other Quick Facts