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Friesian Horse Breed: Facts, History, and Care Tips

Last updated: February 17, 2024

By: Miles HenryFact Checked

Did you know that the Friesian horse, with its black coat and flowing mane, was once the chosen steed of medieval knights? Originating from Friesland in the Netherlands, this breed is celebrated for its elegance, strength, and intelligence, captivating equestrians globally.

Join me, a seasoned horse owner and equestrian author, as we delve into the rich heritage and distinct traits of the Friesian horse. This guide combines thorough research with personal insights, offering a comprehensive understanding for everyone from aspiring owners to seasoned riders. Together, we’ll explore and honor the legacy of one of the equine world’s most enchanting breeds.

Picture of a large Friesian stallion in a pasture.
Friesian stallion watching us.

Historical Significance: Friesian Horses Through the Ages

Let’s explore the rich history of the Friesian horse, a breed that has captivated hearts from medieval battlefields to modern show rings.

Origin and Early History

  • Ancient Roots: Friesian horses, originating from Friesland in the Netherlands, are among Europe’s oldest breeds.
  • War Horses: In the Middle Ages, their strength made them favored war horses, carrying knights into battle.

Development Over Centuries

  • 17th-18th Century: Friesians were used for agricultural work and transportation, adapting to peacetime roles.
  • Royal Favor: Their elegance and power made them a choice of European nobility for carriage horses.

Modern Evolution

  • Sport and Show: Today, Friesians are celebrated in dressage, show jumping, and driving competitions.
  • Cultural Icons: Their majestic appearance has made them popular in films, parades, and ceremonial events.

Preservation Efforts

  • Breed Conservation: Dedicated breeding in the last two centuries has focused on preserving their unique characteristics.
  • Global Popularity: Now, Friesians are admired worldwide, not just for their beauty but also for their versatility and temperament.
Picture of a black Friesian stallion.
Friesian Stallion

Physical Characteristics of the Friesian Horse

Discover the Friesian horse, a breed of remarkable elegance and strength. In this section, we delve into the unique physical characteristics that distinguish these majestic horses from all others.

Distinct Appearance

  • Coat: Friesians are known for their all-black coat, long flowing mane and tail, and feathering on their legs.
  • Posture: They have a high head carriage and well-arched necks, giving them a proud appearance.

Body Structure

  • Build: Friesians have a powerful overall conformation with a Baroque body type, long arched necks, and compact muscular bodies.
  • Size: They typically stand about 15.3 hands (63 inches, 160 cm) tall, with some variation in height.

Movement and Temperament

  • Gait: The breed is known for a brisk, high-stepping trot.
  • Nature: Friesians are considered willing, active, and energetic, yet gentle and docile.


  • Baroque and Sport Horse: There are two conformation types – the classical ‘baroque’ type with a robust build and the modern ‘sport horse’ type, which is finer-boned. Read more about the types of Friesian horses.

Lifespan and Care

For more detailed information on the physical characteristics of Friesian horses, you can refer to the article on FEI’s website.

Discover the Friesian breed in this insightful video.

Friesian Horse’s Temperament and Behavior

Calm and Composed Demeanor

  • Gentle Giants: Friesians are often referred to as ‘gentle giants’ due to their calm and serene nature, suitable for various riders.
  • Even-Tempered: Known for their even temperament, Friesians exhibit a composed demeanor, both in and out of the stable.
Picture of a woman riding a Friesian horse bareback. A display of the breeds temperament.
Riding a Friesian bareback, displaying the breed’s calm temperament.

Intelligent and Eager to Please

  • Quick Learners: Their intelligence makes them responsive to training and appreciated by trainers and equestrians.
  • Cooperative Spirit: Friesians are eager to please, enhancing their trainability and performance.

Social and Affectionate

  • Bonding with Humans: They form strong bonds with handlers and riders, displaying affection and loyalty.
  • Good with Other Horses: Friesians are sociable with other horses, making them a harmonious addition to stables.

Genetic Influence on Temperament

  • Research Insights: A study led by Professor Paul McGreevy from the University of New England highlights the role of genetics in determining horse temperament, suggesting that understanding these genetic factors can lead to better-matching horses with their roles. [1]

Versatile in Various Disciplines

  • Adaptable: Their gentle nature does not hinder their versatility; Friesians excel in various equestrian disciplines.
  • Suitable for Therapy: Their calm temperament makes them ideal for therapeutic riding programs.


  1. McGreevy, Paul. “Seeking the genetic clues to horse temperament.” University of New England, 14 February 2023. Read the full article
Picture of a young girl taking a selfie with a Friesian horse.
A young girl takes a selfie with a Friesian horse.

Buying and Owning a Friesian Horse

Owning a Friesian horse is a rewarding experience that comes with specific considerations, both in terms of breeding goals and awareness of breed-specific health issues.

Understanding Breeding Goals

  • Market Considerations: As Allison Thomas points out, “In my opinion, the most important part of determining your breeding goal is acknowledging what your target market is.” This insight is crucial for prospective buyers to understand the breeding focus behind the Friesian they intend to purchase. [1]
  • Breed Characteristics: Knowing the specific traits and characteristics that breeders prioritize can help buyers choose a Friesian that aligns with their personal needs and preferences.

Health and Clinical Considerations

  • Veterinarian Insights: According to S. Boerma, W. Back, and M. M. Sloet van Oldruitenborgh-Oosterbaan, “The Friesian horse breed is a beautiful breed for showing, riding, and driving. However, some clinical problems seem to have a higher incidence in the Friesian breed compared to other breeds, and this raises suspicions that these clinical entities may have a genetic basis.” [2] This highlights the importance of being aware of potential health issues specific to Friesians.
  • Pre-Purchase Examinations: It’s advisable to conduct thorough pre-purchase veterinary examinations to check for any breed-specific health concerns.

Cost and Care

  • Initial Investment: The cost of purchasing a Friesian can vary widely based on lineage, training, and age. It’s important to budget not only for the purchase price but also for ongoing care.
  • Long-Term Commitment: Owning a Friesian involves a long-term commitment to their care, including regular grooming, feeding, exercise, and health check-ups.
Gif of a girl riding a Friesian horse.

Traditional Friesian horse. Duguyue100, CC BY-SA 4.0

Finding the Right Match

  • Personal Compatibility: Ensure that the horse’s temperament and capabilities match your riding skills and intended use.
  • Professional Guidance: Seeking advice from experienced Friesian owners, breeders, or equine professionals can be invaluable in making an informed decision.

Owning a Friesian horse is a unique and fulfilling experience, but it requires informed decision-making, an understanding of the breed’s specific needs, and a commitment to providing the best care.


  1. Thomas, Allison. “The Friesian: Identifying Your Breeding Goals.
  2. Boerma, S., Back, W., Sloet van Oldruitenborgh-Oosterbaan, M. M. “The Friesian horse breed: Clinical problems and genetic basis.
Picture of a Friesian broodmare and her foal.
Friesian broodmare and her foal.

Care and Management of Friesian Horses

Friesian horses, known for their loyal and hard-working nature, require dedicated care and management to maintain their health and well-being. Here’s an overview of Friesian horse needs:

Diet and Nutrition

  • Grazing Habits: Friesians, like all horses, are natural grazers and prefer small, frequent meals throughout the day.
  • Quality Feed: Ensure a consistent supply of clean hay and grass, free of mold, and provide a constant source of clean water.
  • Micronutrients: Access to a salt lick or mineral block is essential for fulfilling their micronutrient needs.

Housing and Accommodation

  • Comfortable Shelter: A comfortable stall within a stable is necessary, along with a protected outdoor space for roaming and grazing.
  • Weather Considerations: Ensure suitable accommodations for extreme weather, including access to water in the heat and a non-frozen water source in the cold.

Grooming and Health Care

  • Regular Grooming: Friesians have long manes and tails that require regular brushing and maintenance.
  • Hoof and Dental Care: Regular care of their teeth and hooves is crucial, with hoof trimming needed every 6 to 8 weeks and dental check-ups by a veterinarian.

Exercise and Activity

  • Regular Exercise: Adequate exercise is vital for their physical health and mental well-being.
  • Activity Suitability: Match their activities to their temperament and physical capabilities, considering their strength and energy levels.

General Care

  • Veterinary Check-ups: Regular check-ups by an experienced veterinarian are essential for early detection of health issues.
  • Understanding Individual Needs: Each Friesian horse has its unique personality and needs, so it’s important to understand and cater to them individually.

Caring for a Friesian horse is a rewarding experience that requires commitment, knowledge, and understanding of their specific needs.

Citation: Anderson, Alyssa. “What to Know About the Friesian Horse.” WebMD, 9 January 2023. Read the full article

Picture of a Friesian horse jumping an obstacle.
Friesian horse showing off his jumping ability.

Friesian Horses in Equestrian Disciplines

Friesian horses, with their striking appearance and versatile abilities, have made a significant mark in various equestrian disciplines. Let’s explore how this breed excels in different arenas, showcasing their adaptability and skill. Check out this YouTube video of a Friesian competing at the Grand Prix level of Dressage.

Heartwarming Moments with Friesian Horses

Watch this popular YouTube video by ‘Friesian Horses,’ a leading authority on the breed with nearly 400,000 followers. The video, viewed over 14 million times, showcases the touching moments of a Friesian mare birthing and the adoption of an orphan foal.

Witness the tender journey of a Friesian mare and an orphan foal.
  • Elegance and Grace: Friesians are natural stars in dressage, known for their graceful movements and poise.
  • High-Level Competitors: Their ability to perform complex maneuvers makes them suitable for high-level dressage competitions.

Carriage Driving

  • Strength and Stamina: Friesians excel in carriage driving thanks to their power and endurance.
  • Ceremonial and Competitive: They are popular in both ceremonial carriage driving and competitive driving events.

Show Jumping

  • Agility and Speed: While not as common in show jumping, Friesians can compete effectively due to their agility.
  • Training and Technique: With proper training, they can navigate jumps with the same finesse as other breeds.

Recreational Riding

  • Trail and Leisure Riding: Their calm temperament makes Friesians excellent for trail and leisure riding.
  • Family-Friendly: They are often chosen by families and amateur riders for their gentle nature.

Therapeutic Riding

  • Emotional Connection: Friesians are used in therapeutic riding programs, providing emotional support and physical therapy.
  • Gentle and Intuitive: Their intuitive nature allows them to connect with riders of all ages and abilities.

In each of these disciplines, Friesian horses bring their unique blend of beauty, strength, and gentleness, making them beloved and respected in the equestrian world.

Picture of a Friesian horse suffering from a health issue.
Friesian horse suffering from a health issue.

Genetic Health Considerations for Friesian Horses

This section delves into the unique challenges and necessary precautions for maintaining the well-being of Friesian horses.

Unique Genetic Challenges

  • Hydrocephalus Prevalence: Friesians are more prone to hydrocephalus, a condition involving fluid accumulation in the brain.
  • Aortic Rupture Risk: This breed also faces a higher risk of aortic rupture, a serious cardiovascular issue.
  • Genetic Research Importance: Studies, such as those by Astri Olivia Herlino and others, emphasize the need for genomic analysis to understand and address these issues.

Breed-Specific Health Issues

  • Dwarfism and Hydrocephalus: Genetic disorders like dwarfism and hydrocephalus are acknowledged concerns in Friesians.
  • Regular Health Checks: Owners should be vigilant and conduct regular veterinary check-ups for early detection and management.

Breeding and Conservation

  • Responsible Breeding: Knowledge of genetic health risks, including aortic rupture, is crucial for breeders to make informed decisions.
  • Conservation Efforts: Efforts are ongoing to preserve the breed while minimizing the prevalence of genetic disorders.


  1. Herlino, Astri Olivia. “Genomic Analysis of Hydrocephalus in Friesian Horses.” Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, 2013. Link to study
  2. Friesian horses as a possible model for human acquired aortopulmonary fistulation. Link to study
Picture of a knight riding a Friesian in a Medevial battle re-enactment.
Friesian horse and knight from a medieval battle reenactment

Friesian Horses in Culture and Media

Friesian horses, with their majestic and elegant appearance, have long held a special place in culture and media. Their striking presence has not only captured the hearts of horse enthusiasts but also the imagination of the wider public through various cultural and media representations.

Symbolism in History and Art

  • Regal Depictions: Historically, Friesians have been depicted as symbols of nobility and strength in art and literature, often associated with knights and royalty.
  • Cultural Icon: In their native Friesland and the Netherlands, Friesians are celebrated as a cultural icon, representing the region’s heritage and equestrian tradition.

Film and Television

  • Cinematic Favorites: Their dramatic black coat and graceful movements make Friesians a popular choice in movies, especially in historical and fantasy genres.
  • Notable Appearances: They have been featured in films like “Ladyhawke” and TV shows such as “Game of Thrones,” where their elegance and power add to the visual storytelling.

Advertising and Promotions

  • Brand Ambassadors: Friesians often appear in advertising and promotional materials, where their beauty and grace are used to convey luxury and elegance.
  • Photography and Art: Their photogenic qualities make them a favorite subject in equine photography and art, celebrated for their aesthetic appeal.

Public Events and Shows

  • Parades and Ceremonies: Friesians are a common sight in parades and ceremonial events, where they captivate audiences with their regal bearing and poise.
  • Equestrian Shows: They are also stars of equestrian shows and exhibitions, showcasing their skills and the deep bond they share with their handlers.

In every aspect of culture and media, Friesian horses stand out as a breed that embodies beauty, elegance, and a deep connection with human history and imagination.

Picture of a Friesian stallion staring at the camera.
Friesian horse posing for the camera.

FAQs about Friesian Horses

Are Friesian horses suitable for beginners?

Friesians are known for their gentle temperament, making them suitable for beginners. However, it’s important to match the horse’s training level with the rider’s experience.

What are the common uses of Friesian horses?

Friesians are used in various equestrian activities, for example they excel in dressage, carriage driving, show jumping, recreational riding, and are also used in therapeutic riding programs.

How much does a Friesian horse cost?

The cost can vary widely based on factors like age, pedigree, and training. Expect initial costs for purchase and care to be significant.

What special care do Friesian horses require?

Friesians require regular grooming, a balanced diet, routine exercise, and health check-ups, with special attention to their long manes and tails.

Take the first step in your Friesian horse adventure today and experience the unparalleled bond and beauty these horses offer!

Picture of two Friesian horses in a pasture.
A pair of Friesian horses in a pasture.


The journey through the world of Friesian horses reveals a breed of remarkable beauty, versatility, and historical significance. From their majestic presence in various equestrian disciplines to their gentle and intelligent nature, Friesians have captivated the hearts of horse enthusiasts around the globe. Their role in culture and media further underscores their enduring appeal and iconic status.

For those considering owning a Friesian, it’s clear that this commitment comes with the need for informed care, an understanding of their unique health considerations, and a deep appreciation for their breed-specific traits. The wealth of resources and support available from Friesian horse associations underscores the vibrant community that surrounds these magnificent animals.

In conclusion, whether you are a seasoned equestrian or simply an admirer of these noble creatures, the Friesian horse offers a blend of elegance, strength, and companionship that is truly unparalleled. As we continue to cherish and preserve this extraordinary breed, the Friesian horse is sure to inspire and enchant for generations to come.

Call to Action

Are you inspired by the majestic Friesian horse and considering becoming part of this extraordinary community? Whether you’re interested in ownership, breeding, or simply wish to learn more about these noble creatures, now is the perfect time to take the next step.

  • Connect with Friesian Horse Associations: Join a local or national Friesian horse association to become part of a supportive community and gain access to valuable resources.
  • Attend Events and Shows: Experience the beauty and grace of Friesian horses firsthand by attending horse shows, competitions, and exhibitions.
  • Explore Ownership: If you’re considering owning a Friesian, reach out to reputable breeders or consult with equine professionals to find the perfect match for you.

Embark on your Friesian horse journey today and discover the joy and fulfillment these magnificent horses can bring to your life.

Additional Resources and Friesian Horse Associations

Friesian horse enthusiasts, owners, and prospective buyers can find a wealth of information, support, and community through various associations and resources dedicated to this magnificent breed. Here are some key organizations and online resources:

Friesian Horse Association of North America (FHANA)

  • About: FHANA is dedicated to preserving and promoting the Friesian horse breed in North America.
  • Services: They offer registration, breed information, events, and support for Friesian horse owners and breeders.
  • Website: FHANA

The Friesian Horse Society (FHS)

  • About: FHS focuses on the registration and preservation of the Friesian horse’s pure bloodlines.
  • Services: They provide registration and DNA testing and promote the breed through various events and shows.
  • Website: FHS

Koninklijke Vereniging “Het Friesch Paarden-Stamboek” (KFPS)

  • About: The KFPS is the original Dutch Friesian Horse registry, founded in the Netherlands.
  • Services: They are responsible for the studbook, breeding, and promotion of Friesian horses globally.
  • Website: KFPS

International Friesian Show Horse Association (IFSHA)

  • About: IFSHA is the official United States Equestrian Federation (USEF) recognized representative of the Friesian horse.
  • Services: They organize and oversee Friesian horse shows and competitions in the USA.
  • Website: IFSHA

Friesian Horse Association of Great Britain & Ireland (FHAGBI)

  • About: FHAGBI aims to promote and protect the interests of Friesian horses in the UK and Ireland.
  • Services: They offer membership and horse registration and organize events and shows.
  • Website: FHAGBI

These associations provide valuable resources for anyone interested in Friesian horses, whether for ownership, breeding, competition, or simply as admirers of the breed. They offer a platform for learning, sharing, and connecting with others who share a passion for Friesian horses.

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