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On a recent TV show, a bear ran down a horse and tackled it from behind. This scene made me wonder about the program’s accuracy; couldn’t a horse outrun a bear? What about a cheetah, wolf, or lion. I had to find out what predators can outrun and catch a horse.
Horses can outrun bears in a race. But a bear has a quick initial burst and could catch a horse over a short span, especially in the woods. They can go from zero to 35 miles per hour in a blink. So, a bear can catch a horse even though horses are faster than bears.
The horse’s most significant protection against predators is speed and its keen senses. But do they have the quickness to outrun the fiercest predators on the planet, bears, cheetahs, wolves, and lions?
Can a horse outrun a cheetah?
A cheetah can outrun a horse; it’s one of the fastest animals on the planet. This beautiful wild cat can run up to 70 mph. But cheetahs run only about half its maximum speed when it chases prey, so unlike a bear, it can run for a long time before it starts getting winded and slows down.
A cheetah has a flexible spine, which they use to their advantage. When these cats run, their body contracts and extend, creating a whiplash effect and propels them forward, they often cover 25 feet in a single stride.
If we compare the two animals’ strides, a running horse completes two strides in a second, while a cheetah can take three long strides in the same space.
Because of the flexible spine, the cheetah gets a short acceleration every time it starts to run. It can get up to forty-five mph in just 2 seconds. Over a very long distance, a horse may run longer than a cheetah because of its endurance. But almost nothing can beat a cheetah in short sprints.
Can a horse outrun a wolf?
When it comes to escaping a pack of wolves, horses will outrun a wolf any day. Horses are bigger and have more endurance than wolves. A wolf can run at 35 mph at top speed.
Wolves often travel in packs, and they do not shy away from attacking large animals when they are together. Wolves are smaller than horses, but they’re fearless and are quite deadly in groups.
Horses choose to turn tail and run when confronted by wolf packs, and most of the time, they are successful in escaping their attack. When horses are cornered, they kick and fight.
A horse’s kick can kill a wolf, but the sheer number in most packs will likely overtake a trapped horse. Lone wolves don’t typically risk attacking large animals or even wander near populated areas.
Hunters in North America almost wiped out the wolf population. Ranchers played a big part in killing off a large number of wolves to protect their livestock.
But the wolf population in the United States has steadily increased in recent years, mostly in the North West regions. So, if you’re riding in Montana, Colorado, or Wyoming, it wouldn’t be unusual to see a wolf.
Can a horse outrun a lion?
Horses can outrun a lion so long as they have a warning. Lions don’t like to run long distances and typically choose prey that is easy to catch. That’s why they prefer weak or wounded animals to chase so they can catch them without expended much energy.
If a horse sees a lion from a distance, it flees immediately. For example, desert horses like Arabians and the Namib desert horse are swift and fast. They are common in Africa and are the most likely horse breeds to face a lion.
A desert horse will start running when it first spots a lion and can outrun it with a head start. Because of its quick instincts and high stamina, the horse would likely outrun the lion.
Lions like to go for sure kills and probably wouldn’t waste their time on the off chance it can catch a horse. They typically feed on weak or wound prey, but if a lion gets close enough, it can quickly pounce and strike out at the horse and catch it.
Lions may not be as fast as cheetahs, but they are very fast nonetheless. Lions can run as fast as 50 mph. Cheetahs are faster, but lions are stronger. Lions run around 40 mph on average, but there are times when chasing prey that they reach speed over 50 mph.
Can a horse outrun a bear?
A horse can outrun a bear if it gets an early first step or two, but bears have explosive quickness and can be on top of a horse before it has a chance to react if the horse isn’t alert.
Bears can run around 35 mph, but they have very little endurance. Since bears are such huge animals, they can’t sustain their speed for very long. They’re most efficient at catching prey within the first few yards of their attack.
Black bears are the fastest when it comes to running, and grizzly bears come in second. Polar bears can run around 25 mph. Bears can explode over short distances, but they have no stamina and tire quickly.
On the other hand, horses have exceptional endurance and can typically run two to two and a half miles at the top level of their speed without slowing down much.
With that amount of staying power, few animals could run down a horse. A bear might outrun a horse in very short sprints, but a horse would most definitely outrun a bear over an extended distance.
Running for your life
When you pit a horse against other animals, especially out in the wilderness, the scenario is quite different than timing their speed on a track. All creatures find a higher gear when running for their lives, including predators that must kill to survive.
Thoroughbred horses are thought of as the fastest breed of horses globally and are bred almost exclusively to race, and they typically can run 35 to 40 mph.
However, the American Quarter horse is reportedly faster than Thoroughbred’s when it comes to short sprints, like a quarter-mile (hence the name). The fastest an American Quarter horse has ever run is at 55 mph. But on average, most fast horses don’t over forty miles per hour.
No breed of horse is going to get to their top speed while darting through the woods. A short burst of speed is needed to escape quick hunters, like bears, cheetahs, wolves, and lions.
As I alluded to, horses running speed differs depending on their breeds, but we presume a really fast horse competing against the world’s fiercest predators in our examples.
Horses survived because of instinct and speed.
Horses have alluded fast predators for thousands of years. They survived because they evolved and adapted characteristics that protected their species from extinction, and the two most important being speed and instinct.
The horse’s evolution began millions of years ago, and their survival was dependant on their ability to avoid predators. However, roughly five thousand years ago, horses were domesticated, which decreased their exposure to predators.
Domestication not only protected horses from predators but provided a reliable food source and shelter. But horses’ behavior has changed very little over time, and they are still fast and instinctive animals.
Wild horses travel in herds for protection. If one senses danger, it signals the others by lifting its head high and pricking its ears. This movement immediately notifies all the others to be alert.
Once the danger is confirmed with their sharp vision, they don’t wait around; they bolt to safety. Sometimes though, bears don’t attack; watch the video below.
Horses are fast
When comparing predator speed to horse speed, we considered the average speed of fast horses. Time helps measure how fast anything can run, whether it’s an animal or a train. Horses run pretty fast, but it’s hard to assign a specific number that truly captures their speed.
There are different kinds of horses with various abilities when it comes to speed; for instance, a large draft horse isn’t going to keep pace with a Quarter horse. So, a bear has a better chance of outrunning a Clydesdale than a Quarterhorse.
A running horse’s speed depends on the surface it’s running on, the rider, and the environment. If a horse runs uphill through thickets, it won’t be as fast as running on a flat clear track.
Still, the horse’s breed isn’t everything. Training also plays a significant role in a horse’s running style and capabilities. In the case of racehorses, some are only as good as the jockey riding them.
With a capable rider, a particular horse might shine and be the best horse on the track. Horses might not be the fastest animals, but they aren’t that far behind.
When considering fast animals, very few have the speed and stamina required to keep pace with a horse regardless of the breed.
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- The Fastest Horse Breeds in the World and the Races They Run
- Was Secretariat the Fastest Horse to Ever Race?