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Horses like humans, get sick and lose weight, sometimes a lot of weight. After the sickness passes and they start to feel better, how do you know if your horse is still too skinny to ride?
Horses are too skinny to ride if they don’t have sufficient muscle to carry your weight or protect their back. To determine your horse’s fitness to ride, apply the criteria of The Henneke Equine Body Condition Scoring System (BCS).
Horses are individuals, and some that look too skinny to ride may be healthy. There is a lot of factors to consider before riding a thin horse.
Can a Horse be too Skinny to Ride?
Yes, horses can be too thin to ride, especially ones that have no meat over their top line. Riding a skinny horse can hurt it and cause unnecessary physical and emotional damage.
Riding an exceptionally skinny horse may extend the time it takes for the animal to return to a healthy weight. If you want to spend time with your underweight animal, and increase its fitness level, work with your horse on the ground.
Your main concern should be the health of your horse.
How do you know a horse is too skinny to ride
Henneke Equine Body Condition Scoring System (BCS)
You can ride a skinny horse if it has a BCS score of 4 or higher. It’s challenging to look at a horse and know if it’s too thin to ride or dangerously underweight because of the differences in horse’s frames, coat thicknesses, and breed conformation.
The BCS eliminates the guesswork by assigning a numerical value to the amount and location of fat on horses. The scoring requires visual and palpation assessment of fat in critical areas of a horse.
The areas evaluated are the loins, ribs, tailhead, withers, neck, and shoulders. Each site is numerically rated based on the amount of fat, and then the numbers are added together to give the evaluated animal an overall rating.
The Body Condition Scoring System scale rates horses from 1 to 9, where horses rate a 1 is emaciated, and a horse rated 9 is obese. According to this scale, a horse with a score of 4 is considered moderately thin.
Most moderately thin horses have a crease along its back, and you can see a faint outline of ribs. You should be able to feel fat along the horses’ tailhead, and not be able to see its hip bones. Its withers, neck, and shoulders shouldn’t be obviously thin.
I have a much more detailed description of the Henneke Equine Body Condition Scoring System (BCS) with charts and diagrams here.
Why is it bad to ride a skinny horse
It’s understandable to want to start riding your underweight horse, but you need patience. Horseback riding burns calories, which leads to delayed weight gain or additional weight loss. So how important is it for you to ride?
Do you want to ride to keep your horse fit, introduce new training, or just because you feel like riding? If its a new horse, it’s vital first to understand the nature of the horse’s condition and its history.
If your horse is skinny but has a sound body and mind, you can ride lightly without much interference in its weight gain progress. However, extremely thin horses can be damaged physically and emotionally by riding.
Horses need cushion across their topline to carry a saddle. An emaciated horse carrying a rider and saddle will be in pain and likely develop sores and bruising.
A skinny horse is weak, and riding too soon is dangerous for you and the horse. Your weight could cause the horse to stumble and fall. Thin horses carrying a heavy burden like a rider could also damage the muscle and tendons.
Why is Your Horse Skinny
Typically horses lose weight because they burn more calories than they take in. But, if your horse has a chronic weight loss issue, it’s likely due to a poor diet, health problems, parasites, disease or pecking order
Horses are grazing animals, and because of this, forages such as hay and pasture grass are their primary dietary component. If your horse has adequate access to hay and pasture grass and is still losing weight, then its likely low-quality forage or you’re not feeding enough hay.
A typical adult horse needs to eat a minimum of 2% of their weight per day in dry hay. If your horse isn’t getting this minimum daily requirement of hay, it can continue to lose weight.
If you’re feeding an adequate amount of hay and the horse continues to lose weight, the hay may be of low quality. To remedy, you need to provide better quality hay or put the horse in a pasture with nutritious grass.
You may also need to supplement your horse’s diet with a grain concentrate feed to ensure it’s getting the vitamins and minerals it needs. How you feed, your horse is vital to its well-being. Nutrition and equine performance go hand in hand.
Equine dental disorders and equine parasites are two common problems associated with equine weight loss. Horses with dental problems don’t chew their food sufficiently for their body to extract nutrients. Another issue related to bad teeth is the ability to keep feed in their mouth.
Often horses with bad teeth can’t keep feed in their mouth and fail to swallow. Get your horse’s teeth checked so you can correct the issue or rule it out as the source of your horses’ weight loss.
Internal worms cause a horse to lose weight. De-worming medication should be given to all horses regularly. To ensure your horse doesn’t have worms, have it tested by a veterinarian for parasites and start a parasite control program.
Dental and parasites are the most common health issues associated with weight loss, but they are not the only ones. Many diseases can affect a horse’s ability to keep weight, such as Cushing’s, cancer, and even lameness.
If you suspect your horse is suffering from a disease, have it thoroughly examined by a qualified veterinarian. Chronic weight loss can lead to loss of muscle mass, sickness, and in extreme cases, death.
Herd animals typically have a leader of the pack that acts like a bully to the other members of their group. These bully tendencies are exhibited most aggressively during feeding time. Weaker members of the herd are pushed from their feed and not allowed to eat.
To ensure your horse is eating, monitor his feed. Separate it from other horses and allow ample time to eat. Feeding a horse safely from the dominant horses ensures each horse gets the appropriate nutrients it needs and also reduces stress.
Horses that compete for their food are susceptible to develop stress and associated health problems, like ulcers and colic.